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Zelos (Zeropoint Emulated Lightweight Operating System) is a python-based binary emulation platform. One use of zelos is to quickly assess the dynamic behavior of binaries via command-line or python scripts. All syscalls are emulated to isolate the target binary. Linux x86_64 (32- and 64-bit), ARM and MIPS binaries are supported. Unicorn provides CPU emulation.


Full documentation is available here.


Use the package manager pip to install zelos.

pip install zelos

Basic Usage


To emulate a binary with default options:

$ zelos my_binary

To view the instructions that are being executed, add the -v flag:

$ zelos -v my_binary

You can print only the first time each instruction is executed, rather than every execution, using --fasttrace:

$ zelos -v --fasttrace my_binary

By default, syscalls are emitted on stdout. To write syscalls to a file instead, use the --strace flag:

$ zelos --strace path/to/file my_binary

Specify any command line arguments after the binary name:

$ zelos my_binary arg1 arg2


import zelos

z = zelos.Zelos("my_binary")


Zelos supports first- and third-party plugins. Some notable plugins thus far:

  • overlay (ida plugin): highlights zelos execution trace in IDA with instruction-level comments added.

  • angr integration: enables symbolic execution in zelos.

  • zdbserver: remote control and debugging of emulated binaries.

  • syscall limiter: demonstrates event hooking and provides syscall-based execution and termination options.


Pull requests are welcome. For major changes, please open an issue first to discuss what you would like to change.

Please make sure to update tests as appropriate.

Local Development Environment

First, create a new python virtual environment. This will ensure no package version conflicts arise:

$ python3 -m venv ~/.venv/zelos
$ source ~/.venv/zelos/bin/activate

Now clone the repository and change into the zelos directory:

(zelos) $ git clone
(zelos) $ cd zelos

Install an editable version of zelos into the virtual environment. This makes import zelos available, and any local changes to zelos will be effective immediately:

(zelos) $ pip install -e '.[dev]'

At this point, tests should pass and documentation should build:

(zelos) $ pytest
(zelos) $ cd docs
(zelos) $ make html

Built documentation is found in docs/_build/html/.

Install zelos pre-commit hooks to ensure code style compliance:

(zelos) $ pre-commit install

In addition to automatically running every commit, you can run them anytime with:

(zelos) $ pre-commit run --all-files

Windows Development:

Commands vary slightly on Windows:

C:\> python3 -m venv zelos_venv
C:\> zelos_venv\Scripts\activate.bat
(zelos) C:\> pip install -e .[dev]